Venue Focus: New York

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Two of the biggest projects proposed as part of New York's 2012 bid were the revival of the East River waterfront, including the construction of an Olympic Village across the river from the United Nations and an aquatics centre in Brooklyn, and the construction of West Side Stadium, which was supposed to have led to the comprehensive redevelopment of the Far West Side of Manhattan. Other projects that were part of the bid included a rowing course in Queens, a velodrome in the South Bronx, a marina along the coast of the Atlantic Ocean, an equestrian centre on Staten Island, and the refurbishment of a historic armoury in Harlem.

Madison Square Garden, capacity 19, 763, built 1968Madison Square Garden, often abbreviated as MSG and known colloquially as The Garden, is a multi–purpose indoor arena in the New York City borough of Manhattan, located at 8th Avenue between 31st and 33rd Streets, situated on top of Pennsylvania Station. Opened on 11 February 1968, it is the longest active major sporting facility in the New York Metropolitan area, and is the fourth incarnation of the arena in the city. One Penn Plaza stands at its side. Several other operating entities related to the venue share its name. In 2007, Madison Square Garden became the 'World's Busiest Arena'. Madison Square Garden refers to itself in its advertising campaigns as 'The World's Most Famous Arena' and it stages home matches for a number of teams including New York Rangers of the NHL; the New York Knicks of the NBA and their sister team, the New York Liberty of the Women's National Basketball Association (WNBA). Madison Square Garden has also staged some of boxing's most famous bouts over the years as well as the 1998 NBA All–Star Game, the Chase Championships (tennis) and the Millrose Games (track and field). Yankee Stadium, capacity 52, 325, opened 2009Yankee Stadium is located in the New York City borough of the Bronx. It serves as the home ballpark for the New York Yankees baseball team, replacing the previous Yankee Stadium ('The house that Ruth built'), built in 1923. The new ballpark was constructed across the street from the 1923 Yankee Stadium, on the former site of Macombs Dam Park. The new ballpark in the Bronx opened on 2 April 2009, when the Yankees hosted a workout day in front of fans from the Bronx community. Much of the stadium incorporates design elements from the previous Yankee Stadium, paying homage to the Yankees' history. Although stadium construction began in August 2006, the project of building a new stadium for the Yankees is one that spanned many years and faced many controversies, particularly the allocation of city funds for construction instead of urban renewal projects. The stadium cost a total of $1. 5bn, making it the third most expensive stadium in the world to date after the $1. 57bin Wembley Stadium, and the Meadowlands Stadium (see below), which cost $1. 6bn. Meadowlands StadiumMeadowlands Stadium is a stadium in East Rutherford, New Jersey, in the New York metropolitan area. It is the home of the New York Jets and New York Giants of the NFL. The stadium replaced Giants Stadium at the Meadowlands Sports Complex, which was home to the Giants since 1976 and the Jets since 1984. Like its predecessor, the new stadium is the only NFL stadium shared by two teams. However, unlike Giants Stadium in which the Jets were a junior partner, the new stadium is a 50/50 partnership between both NFL teams. The stadium is administered by the New Meadowlands Stadium Company. Meadowlands Stadium opened on 10 April 2010 when it featured the Big City Classic lacrosse tournament. At a construction cost of approximately $1. 6bn, it is the most expensive stadium ever built anywhere in the world to date. As determined by a coin toss by NFL commissioner Roger Goodell, the Giants will host the first NFL regular season game in the stadium's history on Sunday, 12 September 2010. It will also host the NFL's 2014 Super Bowl. Citi FieldCiti Field is located in Flushing Meadows–Corona Park in the New York City borough of Queens. Completed in 2009, it is the home baseball park of MLB's New York Mets. Citi Field was built as a replacement for the adjacent Shea Stadium, which was constructed in 1964 next to the site of the 1964–65 World's Fair. Citi Field was designed by Populous (formerly HOK Sport), and is named after Citigroup, a financial services company based in New York that purchased the naming rights. The $850m baseball park is being funded by the sale of New York City municipal bonds that are to be repaid by the Mets plus interest. The payments will offset property taxes for the lifetime of the park. The Mets are considered likely to win the rights to host the 2013 MLB All–Star Game at Citi Field, which would bring the game to the Mets' home field for only the second time; the first was at Shea in its 1964 inaugural season. USTA Billie Jean King National Tennis CentreThe US Open tennis tournament takes place in Flushing Meadows Park at the USTA Billie Jean King National Tennis Centre; its centre court is Arthur Ashe Stadium and its secondary stadium court is Louis Armstrong Stadium. Citi Field, the current home of the New York Mets, sits at the north end of the park. The Arthur Ashe Stadium was built in 1996 and has a capacity of 22, 457. Arthur Ashe Stadium features fine dining, a top–notch media centre and an abundance of luxury suites. The Centre's two other stadia seat 10, 000 and 3, 500 spectators, respectively. Barclays Centre The Barclays Centre is a sports arena currently under construction in Brooklyn, New York City. The arena is being built partly on a platform over the Metropolitan Transportation Authority–owned Atlantic Yards at Atlantic Avenue. It is part of a proposed $4. 9bn sports arena, business and residential complex. The arena is intended to serve as a new home for the NBA's New Jersey Nets, currently based at Prudential Centre in Newark, New Jersey. The arena was scheduled to open in 2011 along with the rest of the complex; however, controversies involving local residents and the use of eminent domain as well as a lack of funding have delayed the project. The project is being developed by developer Forest City Ratner, which acquired the Nets in 2004, with the purpose of moving them from New Jersey to this site near the Atlantic Avenue–Pacific Street New York City Subway station and the Long Island Rail Road's Atlantic Terminal in Brooklyn, one of the most transit–accessible locations in the city. The move would mark the return of major league sports to Brooklyn, which has been absent since the departure of the Dodgers to Los Angeles in 1957. (A proposal for the world's first domed stadium at the Atlantic Yards to replace the unprofitable Ebbets Field had been turned down by the city in the past). On 1 March 2010, Brooklyn Supreme Court justice Abraham Gerges struck down a challenge by property owners regarding the state's use of eminent domain, which allowed the private property to be condemned. The groundbreaking for the project occurred on 11 March 2010. 168th Street ArmouryThe recently renovated 168th Street Armoury is equipped to handle major indoor events on its six–lane 200–meter Mondo–surface track. Icahn StadiumIcahn Stadium is a track and field venue located on Randall's Island, in New York City, and is one of only four Class One internationally certified tracks in the US. The Stadium offers an extremely fast 400–meter Mondo Super X Performance running track, flanked by covered spectator seating for 5, 000 and features modern locker rooms, showers as well as fitness, exercise and meeting rooms. In addition, a premier FIFA certified football field to the north of the stadium has been built with an artificial surface, fencing, lighting and bleachers. Icahn Stadium opened on 25 April 2005 and is named after US businessman Carl Icahn. Icahn Stadium sits on the site of the former Downing Stadium, opened in 1936 as part of a larger New York City Parks project that included the construction of the Triborough Bridge (now the Robert F Kennedy Bridge). The opening of Downing Stadium made history as the facility hosted the US Olympic Trials, at which Jesse Owens qualified for two events in the upcoming Berlin Olympics. The site went on to be home to the New York Cosmos football team, various sporting events and summer concerts. After two years of operation, Icahn Stadium hosted more than 200, 000 high school, college and professional athletes and spectators during the track season. Each year, the number of meets and events that are scheduled has grown, bringing larger numbers of people to the facility. Red Bull ArenaRed Bull Arena is a football–specific stadium located in Harrison, New Jersey, a suburb of Newark, New Jersey that opened in March 2010. It is the home of the New York Red Bulls of MLS and has 25, 000 seats, all covered by a semi–translucent roof that is intended to protect fans from rain. The NYRA RacetracksThe New York Racing Association came into existence in 1955 and controls Belmont Park, Aqueduct, and Saratoga tracks. Races take place year–round at these outdoor and indoor tracks. Other sports venuesNew York City has a number of prestigious colleges and universities throughout its five boroughs. The New York Sports Commission acts as an intermediary with these institutions. Two noteworthy examples of excellent athletics facilities include Alumni Hall at St John's University, the 6, 000–seat home of the Red Storm basketball teams, and Wien Stadium at Columbia University, a 17, 000 seat stadium that hosts international track and field competitions, as well as all Columbia football home games. Many less traditional sites throughout New York City have been transformed to create unusual venues. During the 1998 Goodwill Games for example, Wollman Rink in Central Park was transformed into a 3, 000–seat beach volleyball arena. Venues in New York and Capacities, 2010Aqueduct Horse Track–17, 000New Balance Track and Field Center–3, 000Arthur Ashe Stadium–22, 540Baker Field at Columbia–17, 000Barclays Centre–19, 000Belmont Park–32, 000 Citi Field–45, 000Flushing Meadows/Corona Park Natatorium and Ice Rink–850 combinedIcahn Stadium at Randall's Island–10, 000Izod Centre–19, 950Kissena Velodrome – 300Madison Square Garden–19, 750MCU Park–7, 500Meadowlands Racetrack–40, 000Nassau Coliseum–18, 000Meadowlands Stadium–82, 500Prudential Centre–18, 500Red Bull Arena–25, 150Richmond County Bank Ballpark–7, 175Various university complexes that seat between 2, 000–5, 000 eachYankee Stadium–52, 325Additionally, the New York City Department of Parks and Recreation operates more than 800 athletic fields, 550 tennis courts, 66 public pools, 48 recreational facilities, 13 golf courses and 14 miles of beaches throughout all five boroughs that make up the City.

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