2020 Bidder Profile: Tokyo

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MEI continues its look at the six contenders for the 2020 Olympic Games by profiling Tokyo, Japan.

Tokyo is the capital city of Japan and one of the most populated cities in the world. The mainland portion of Tokyo lies northwest of Tokyo Bay and measures around 90km east to west and 25km north to south. Chiba Prefecture borders it to the east, Yamanashi to the west, Kanagawa to the south, and Saitama to the north. Mainland Tokyo is further subdivided into the special wards (occupying the eastern half) and the Tama area stretching westwards. Also within the administrative boundaries of Tokyo Metropolis are two island chains in the Pacific Ocean directly south: the Izu Islands, and the Ogasawara Islands, which stretch more than 1, 000km away from mainland Japan. Because of these islands and mountainous regions to the west, Tokyo's overall population density figures far under represent the real figures for urban and suburban regions of Tokyo. Architecture in Tokyo has largely been shaped by Tokyo's history. Twice in recent history the metropolis has been left in ruins: first in the 1923 Great Kanto earthquake and later after extensive firebombing in World War II. Because of this, Tokyo's current urban landscape is one of modern and contemporary architecture, and older buildings are scarce. Tokyo also contains numerous parks and gardens. Tokyo is a major international finance centre, houses the headquarters of several of the world's largest investment banks and insurance companies, and serves as a hub for Japan's transportation, publishing, and broadcasting industries. Tokyo hosted the 1964 Summer Olympic Games. Annual and Ongoing EventsTokyo International Womens MarathonBadminton Yonex Open JapanTennis AIG Japan OpenGymnastics Aeon CupRugby Microsoft CupRugby Japan National ChampionshipJudo Kodokan Cup All Japan ChampionshipMartial Arts K–1Japan National Triathlon ChampionshipAmerican Football, Japan X BowlJapan National Triathlon ChampionshipWRC RallyThe January Basho (sumo)Yabusame (Horseback Archery) FestivalNHK Mile CupThe Yushun Himba (the Japanese Oaks)The May Basho sumo)The Tokyo Yushun (Japanese Derby)The Yasuda Kinen Horse RaceToray Pan Pacific Tennis TournamentThe September Basho (sumo)AIG Japan Open Tennis ChampionshipsJapan International Cycle ShowEmirates World Series: Japan CupJapan competed against New Zealand and South Africa for the right to stage the 2011 Rugby World Cup, but lost to New Zealand. As Japan is still developing as a competitive rugby nation, the country's primary selling point was that holding the event in Asia for the first time would symbolise and promote the internationalisation of the sport. The country bid again and won the right to host the 2019 event instead. Tokyo was selected by the Japanese Olympic Committee on 16 July 2011, and was confirmed as Japan's bidding city for the 2020 Games. The city is going forward with its bid despite the March 2011 earthquake and tsunami which affected much of eastern Japan. Tokyo previously hosted the Summer Olympics in 1964. The Japanese capital bid to host the 2016 Summer Olympics but lost to Rio de Janeiro. Osaka bid to host the 2008 Games but lost to Beijing; Nagoya bid to host the Games in 1988 but lost to Seoul. Japan has hosted the Winter Olympics twice. The 1998 Winter Games were organised in Nagano. Sapporo hosted the Winter Games in 1972. Japan previously co–hosted the 2002 FIFA World Cup with South Korea; the final was held in Yokohama, near Tokyo. Whilst it is too early to know how Tokyo will utilise venues in its bid, a look at its 2016 plans may provide an indication. If Tokyo had won the Games in 2016, it would have been staged at venues located within a radius of 8km, smaller than the initially planned 10km, on reclaimed land in the Tokyo Bay area at a cost of Y121. 4bn. The bid committee placed the main Olympic stadium at the centre of the area. Of 31 planned venues for 2016, 21 already existed and 10 new venues would have been built including five temporarily for Games use only. The venues would lie in two tight clusters near the city centre. Existing venues that would have been used included the Tokyo Metropolitan Gymnasium and the Olympic Stadium, the main venue for the 1964 Tokyo Olympics, which seats 57, 363 people. Several parks and outdoor sports facilities on the reclaimed land in the Tokyo Bay area would have been be utilised as venues for events including equestrian sports, swimming, archery and canoeing. Tokyo 2016 would have also constructed a grand–scale brand new waterfront main stadium. Tokyos other venues include the Tokyo Dome which is the home field of the Yomiuri Giants baseball team, and has also hosted basketball and American football games, as well as Western–style pro–wrestling matches and music concerts. Its dome–shaped roof is a flexible membrane held up by slightly pressurising the inside of the stadium. Tokyo Dome opened for business in 1989 and was built on the site of its predecessor, Korakuen Stadium. In addition to being an arena, the Tokyo Dome also has an amusement park on its grounds. Named Tokyo Dome City, it includes, a rollercoaster and Ferris wheel as well as some shops and restaurants. Metropolitan Komazawa Olympic Park General Sports Ground was used in 1964 as the second venue of the Tokyo Olympic Games. The institution features an athletics track; gymnasium; indoor and outdoor playing fields; a baseball field; Japanese archery hall; an outdoor swimming pool, a training room. It is open for the Tokyo citizens to use. Tokyo Budokan Hall was the first large and genuinely martial arts–oriented comprehensive facility to be constructed by the Tokyo government. It is designed as a general centre to promote Budo such as judo and kendo which are traditional cultural elements of Japan. It has large and small Budo halls, two Japanese archery halls and training rooms available for use by the Tokyo citizens. Tokyo Tatsumi International Swimming Pool was opened in Tatsumi, Koto Ku–area, to provide a specialist swimming facility for a wide area covering the whole of Tokyo. Equipped with two 50m swimming pools, a diving pool, a tournament officials' room, and 5, 000 seats (including 1, 400 temporary seats), this facility is available for international tournaments. Tokyo Metropolitan Gymnasium is one of the most complete sports facilities in Tokyo, with the purpose of providing a place for metropolitan citizens to enjoy sports and recreation. It has a total area of 45, 800m2 and a total building area of 43, 971m2. The centre is built around the main arena that has a seating capacity of 10, 000 (including 4, 000 temporary seats) and is widely used for different sports events. Its other facilities include a sub–arena; an indoor swimming pool; an athletics track; a weight training room, and a health and physical strength counselling room. Other sports venuesTokyo Racecourse, capacity 223, 000Ajinamoto Stadium, capacity 50, 000Jingu Stadium, capacity 37, 975Olympic Stadium, capacity 57, 363

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