Lula calls on UN

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President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva has called on the United Nations to take a more active interest in events taking place in Central America.

Speaking on 28 July 2010 during a visit to Brasília by Nicaraguan president Daniel Ortega, Lula said the UN should pay attention to the democratic projects in the region that are bringing into the fold sections of society that, despite constituting a majority of the population, had historically been excluded. He added that the UN should also reform itself in order to end the 'flagrant imbalance' in its Security Council. Lula later said it was important to bridge the gap between Mercosur and the Central American Integration System through a wide–ranging trade agreement, and promised that Brazil would strive to push forward the relevant negotiations during its presidency of Mercosur, which began at the beginning of August 2010. Mercosur is a Regional Trade Agreement (RTA) between Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay founded in 1991 by the Treaty of Asunciãn, which was later amended and updated by the 1994 Treaty of Ouro Preto. Its purpose is to promote free trade and the fluid movement of goods, people, and currency. The official languages are Portuguese and Spanish. Mercosur origins trace back to 1985 when presidents Raúl Alfonsín of Argentina and JosÉ Sarney of Brazil signed the Argentina–Brazil Integration and Economics Cooperation Programme or PICE. In his own comments, Ortega praised the efforts by Brazil on the international stage. Ortega called the agreement reached with Iran an attempt to avoid having a crisis get worse. A one–time guerilla who helped overthrow the Somoza dictatorship in Nicaragua in 1979, Ortega said that nowadays he was only interested in peace. He said peace included combating poverty and strengthening regional groups, such as South and Central America.

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