Brazil wants heritage for Rio

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Brazil has proposed Rio de janeiro as UNESCO world heritage site.

The report on Rio de Janeiros nomination proposal for inscription on the World Heritage will be analysed by the 36th Session of the World Heritage Centre in 2012. The nomination proposal was forwarded to the UNESCO World Heritage Centre, with Headquarters in Paris, by the end of January 2011. The Centre decided to include the proposal in the agenda for the 36th Session. The proposal was prepared under the coordination of the Brazilian National Institute of Historic and Artistic Heritage (Iphan, in Portuguese), which reports to the Ministry of Culture, with the participation of the Rio de Janeiro State Government through the State Institute of Cultural Heritage (Inepac), local government, the Chico Mendes Institute of Biodiversity Conservation (ICMBio) and the Roberto Marinho Foundation. Recognised for being one of the best–looking cities in the world, Rio de Janeiro anchors its nomination to World Heritage – in the category of cultural landscape – on the link between men and nature. A city born and grown surrounded by sea and mountain, the main elements that made it outstanding and wonderful are long known by the world, like the Sugar Loaf, Corcovado, Tijuca Forest, Aterro do Flamengo, Botanic Garden and the renowned Copacabana beach. UNESCO adopted the concept of cultural landscape in 1992, incorporating it as a new typology of cultural assets recognition, pursuant to the 1972 Convention that established the World Heritage List. Up to now, the sites globally recognized as cultural landscapes are related to rural areas, traditional agricultural systems, historical gardens and other sites of symbolic, religious and emotional nature. The recognition of Rio de Janeiro should lead to a new view and approach on cultural assets, since it will be the first urban cultural landscape inscribed on the World Heritage List. World Heritage of BrazilCurrently, there are 18 cultural and natural Brazilian assets in the list of 911 assets enlisted by UNESCO. The natural assets are as follows: Iguaçu National Park, ParanÃí (1986); Discovery Coast, Bahia and Espárito Santo (1997); Capivara Hill National Park, Piauá (1998); Atlantic Jungle Reserve, Sao Paulo and ParanÃí (1999); Jaú National Park, Amazonas (2000); Pantanal Mato–grossense, Mato Grosso and Mato Grosso do Sul (2000); Cerrado Reserves: Veadeiros and Emas National Parks, GoiÃís (2001); and, Fernando de Noronha National Park, Pernambuco (2001). The cultural assets, in turn, are made up by: Architectural and Urban Complex of Ouro Preto, Minas Gerais (1980); Historical Center of Olinda, Pernambuco (1982); Ruins of Sáo Miguel das MissÃÁes, Rio Grande do Sul (1983); Bom Jesus de Matosinhos Sanctuary in Congonhas, Minas Gerais (1985); Historical Center of Salvador, Bahia (1985); Urban Complex of Brasilia, the Federal District (1987); Historical Center of Sao Luás, Maranháo (1997); Historical Center of Diamantina, Minas Gerais (1999); and, Historical Center of GoiÃís, GoiÃís (2001). During the 34th Session of the World Heritage, held in Brasilia in 2010, the Sao Francisco Square, in Sao Cristovao, state of Sergipe, was the 18th asset to be enlisted by UNESCO.

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